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Motivational Interviewing Skills Needed by Paramedics

Updated: Jun 6, 2023



As emergency medical responders, paramedics are often faced with challenging situations where they must quickly and effectively communicate with patients who may be in distress. One powerful tool that can help paramedics improve their communication skills is motivational interviewing.


In this blog, we will explore the following questions:

  • What is motivational interviewing?

  • How is Motivational Interviewing Different from Traditional Counseling Methods?

  • Why is it important for paramedics to have these skills?

  • How to develop them, and provide examples of their application in real-life situations?


What is Motivational Interviewing?


Motivational interviewing is a counseling method that aims to help individuals identify and resolve their ambivalence toward behavior change. It involves a collaborative and non-judgmental approach that helps the patient to explore and resolve their own internal conflicts about behavior change. The key principles of motivational interviewing include expressing empathy, rolling with resistance, supporting self-efficacy, and developing discrepancy.

How is Motivational Interviewing Different from Traditional Counseling Methods?

Motivational interviewing differs from traditional counseling methods in that it is less directive and more collaborative. It is focused on the patient's perspective, values, and goals, rather than the counselor's. Instead of telling the patient what they should do, the counselor works with the patient to help them identify their own reasons for behavior change.

Why do Paramedics Need Motivational Interviewing Skills?

Paramedics face a variety of challenges in their line of work, such as dealing with patients who are in distress, uncooperative, or resistant to treatment, and may not understand the urgency of their situation. Motivational interviewing can help paramedics to better communicate with patients, build rapport, and elicit behavior change. It can also help them to address underlying issues that may be contributing to the patient's condition, such as substance abuse, mental health issues, or social determinants of health.


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